Jumhouriya al-Lubnaniya (Republic of Lebanon)
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Ottomans invaded Lebanon, then part of Syria, in 1516–17 and held nominal control until 1918. After 20 years’ French mandatory regime, Lebanon was proclaimed independent on 26 Nov. 1941. On 27 Dec. 1943 an agreement was signed between representatives of the French National Committee of Liberation and of Lebanon by which most of the powers and capacities exercised hitherto by France were transferred as from 1 Jan. 1944 to the Lebanese Government. The evacuation of foreign troops was completed in Dec. 1946.


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Further Reading

  1. Bleaney, C. H., Lebanon [Bibliography]. 2nd ed. Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1991Google Scholar
  2. Choueiri, Y. M., State and Society in Syria and Lebanon. Exeter Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  3. Cobban, H., The Making of Modern Lebanon. London, 1985Google Scholar
  4. Fisk, R., Pity the Nation: Lebanon at War. 2nd ed. OUP, 1992Google Scholar
  5. Gemayel, A., Rebuilding Lebanon. New York, 1992Google Scholar
  6. Hiro, D., Lebanon Fire and Embers: a History of the Lebanese Civil War. New York, 1993Google Scholar
  7. Shehadi, N. and Mills, D.H., Lebanon: A History of Conflict and Consensus. London, 1988Google Scholar
  8. Weinberger, N. J., Syrian Intervention in Lebanon. New York, 1986Google Scholar
  9. National library: Dar el Kutub, Parliament Sq., Beirut.Google Scholar
  10. National statistical office: Service de Statistique Générale, Beirut.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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