Latvijas Republika
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The territory that is now Latvia was controlled by crusaders, primarily the German Order of Livonian Knights, until 1561, when Latvia fell into Polish and Swedish hands. Between 1721 and 1795 Latvia was absorbed into the Russian empire. In the part of Latvia unoccupied by the Germans during the First World War, the Bolsheviks won 72% of the votes in the Constituent Assembly elections (Nov. 1917). Soviet power was proclaimed in Dec. 1917, but was overthrown when the Germans occupied all Latvia (Feb. 1918). Restored when they withdrew (Dec. 1918), it was overthrown once more by combined British naval and German military forces (May-Dec. 1919), and a democratic government set up. This régime was in turn replaced when a coup took place in May 1934.


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Further Reading

  1. Central Statistical Bureau. Statistical Yearbook of Latvia.—Latvia in Figures. Annual.Google Scholar
  2. Bilmanis, A., A History of Latvia. Princeton Univ. Press, 1951Google Scholar
  3. Dreifeld, J., Latvia in Transition. Riga, 1997Google Scholar
  4. Lieven, A., The Baltic Revolution: Estonia. Latvia, Lithuania and the Path to Independence. 2nd ed. Yale UP, 1994Google Scholar
  5. Misiunas, R. J. and Taagepera, R., The Baltic States: the Years of Dependence, 1940–91. 2nd ed. Farnborough, 1993Google Scholar
  6. Smith, I. A. and Grunts, M. V., The Baltic States [Bibliography]. Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1993Google Scholar
  7. Spekke, A., History of Latvia. Stockholm, 1951Google Scholar
  8. Who Is Who in Latvia. Riga, 1996Google Scholar
  9. National statistical office: Central Statistical Bureau. Lācplēša ielā 1. 1301 Riga.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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