Nihon (or Nippon) Koku (Land of the Rising Sun)
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The house of Yamato united the nation in about 200 AD. The present imperial family are their direct descendants. From 1186 until 1867 successive families of the military Shoguns exercised the temporal power. For centuries Japan followed a policy of national isolation. The 16th century marked the beginning of foreign trade but in the 17th century all exchange with Europeans and all trade, except with the Dutch, was proscribed. Not until 1859 was the country opened to foreign trade and residence. In 1867 the Emperor Meiji recovered the imperial power after the abdication on 14 Oct. 1867 of the fifteenth and last Tokugawa Shogun Keiko. In 1871 the feudal system (Hoken Seido) was abolished and in the early 1890s constitutional government was introduced by the Emperor.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. Statistics Bureau of the Prime Minister’s Office: Statistical Year-Book (from 1949).—Statistical Abstract (from 1950).—Monthly Bulletin (from April 1950)Google Scholar
  2. Economic Planning Agency: Economic Survey (annual), Economic Statistics (monthly), Economic Indicators (monthly)Google Scholar
  3. Ministry of International Trade: Foreign Trade of Japan (annual)Google Scholar
  4. Allinson, G. D., Japan’s Postwar History. London. 1997Google Scholar
  5. Argy, V. and Stein, L., The Japanese Economy. London, 1996Google Scholar
  6. Bailey, P. J., Post-war Japan: 1945 to the Present. Oxford, 1996Google Scholar
  7. Beasley, W. G., The Rise of Modern Japan: Political, Economic and Social Change since 1850. 2nd ed. London, 1995Google Scholar
  8. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Japan. CUP, 1993Google Scholar
  9. Cambridge History of Japan, vols. 1–5. CUP, 1990–93Google Scholar
  10. Campbell, A. (ed.) Japan: an Illustrated Encyclopedia. Tokyo, 1994Google Scholar
  11. Clesse, A. el al. (eds.) The Vitalin- of Japan: Sources of National Strength and Weakness. London, 1997Google Scholar
  12. Cortazzi, H., The Japanese Achievement. London, 1990Google Scholar
  13. Francks. P., Japanese Economic Development: Theory and Practice. London, 1991Google Scholar
  14. Gordon, A., Postwar Japan as History. Univ. of California Press, 1993Google Scholar
  15. Horsiey, W. and Buckky, R., Nippon, New Superpower: Japan since 1945. London, 1990Google Scholar
  16. Ito, T., The Japanese Economy. Boston (Mass.), 1992Google Scholar
  17. Jain, P. and Inoguchi, T., Japanese Politics Today. London, 1997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Japan: an Illustrated Encyclopedia. London, 1993Google Scholar
  19. Japan Times Year Book. Tokyo, first issue 1933Google Scholar
  20. Johnson, C. Japan: Who Governs? The Rise of the Developmental State. New York, 1995Google Scholar
  21. Martineau, L., Caught in a Mirror: Reflections on Japan. London, 1993Google Scholar
  22. Nakano, M., The Policy-making Process in Contemporary Japan. London. 1996Google Scholar
  23. Okabe, M., (ed.) The Structure of the Japanese Economy: Changes on the Domestic and International Fronts. London, 1994Google Scholar
  24. Perren, R., Japanese Studies From Pre-History to 1990. Manchester Univ. Press, 1992Google Scholar
  25. Reischauer, E. O., The Japanese Today: Change and Continuity. Harvard Univ. Press, 1991Google Scholar
  26. Schirokauer, C., Brief History of Japanese Civilization. New York, 1993Google Scholar
  27. Shulman, F. J., Japan. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1990Google Scholar
  28. Woronoff, J., The Japanese Economic Crisis. 2nd ed. London, 1996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. National statistical office: Statistics Bureau, Prime Minister’s Office. Tokyo.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations