Jumhouriya al ‘Iraqia (Republic of Iraq)
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Iraq, formerly Mesopotamia, was part of the Ottoman Empire from 1534 until it was captured by British forces in 1916. Under a League of Nations mandate, administered by Britain, Amir Faisal Ibn Hussain was crowned king in 1921. On 3 Oct. 1932 Britain’s mandate expired, and Iraq became an independent country. The pro-British policy was continued, and in Jan. 1943 Iraq declared war on the Axis powers.


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Further Reading

  1. Abdulrahman, A. J., Iraq. [Bibliography]. Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1984Google Scholar
  2. Al-Khalil, S., Republic of Fear: the Politics of Modem Iraq. Univ. of California Press, 1989Google Scholar
  3. Baram, A., Cultural History and Ideology in the Formation of Ba athist Iraq, 1968–89. London, 1991CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bleaney, C. H., Ira. [Bibliography]. 2nd ed. Oxford and Sania Barbara (CA). 1995Google Scholar
  5. Bulloch, J. and Morris, H., Saddam’s War: the Origins of the Kuwait Conflict and the International Response. London, 1991Google Scholar
  6. Chubin, S. and Tripp, C, Iran and Iraq at War. London, 1988Google Scholar
  7. Farouk-Sluglett, M., and Sluglett, P., Iraq since 1958: from Revolution to Dictatorship. London, 1991. National statistical office. Central Statistical Organization, Ministry of Planning, Baghdad.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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