Republik Indonesia
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


In the 16th century Portuguese traders settled in some of the islands which now comprise Indonesia, but were ejected by the British, who in turn were ousted by the Dutch in 1595. From 1602 the Netherlands East India Company conquered the area and ruled until the dissolution of the Company in 1798. The Netherlands government then ruled the colony from 1816 until 1941, when it was occupied by the Japanese until 1945. On 17 Aug. 1945 an independent republic was proclaimed by Dr Sukarno and Dr Hatta, the nationalist leaders. The republic was not, however, recognized by the Netherlands with whom negotiations and fighting continued until 1949. On 27 Dec. 1949 complete and unconditional sovereignty was transferred to the Republic of the United States of Indonesia.


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Further Reading

  1. Central Bureau of Statistics. Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia.—Monthly Statistical Bulletin: Economic Indicator. Cribb, R., Historical Dictionary of Indonesia. Metuchen (NJ), 1993.Google Scholar
  2. —and Brown, C. Modern Indonesia: a History since 1945. Harlow. 1995Google Scholar
  3. International Commission of Jurists, Indonesia and the Rule of Law. London, 1987Google Scholar
  4. Kim, T. J. et al., Spatial Development in Indonesia. Aldershot, 1992Google Scholar
  5. Kraussc, G. H. and Krausse, S. C. E., Indonesi. [Bibliography 1. Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA). 1994Google Scholar
  6. Palmier, L., Understanding Indonesia. London, 1986Google Scholar
  7. Ricklefs, M. C, A History of Modern Indonesia since 1300. 2nd ed. London. 1993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Schwartz, A., A Nation in Waiting: Indonesia in the 1990s. London, 1994Google Scholar
  9. Thoolen, H., Indonesia and the Rule of Law. London, 1987Google Scholar
  10. Vatikiotts, M.R.J., Indonesian Politics under Suharto: Order, Development and Pressure for Chang. 2nd ed. London, 1994. See als. East Timor, above. National statistical office. Central Bureau of Statistics, POB 1003, Jakarta, 10010.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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