The Hungarians call themselves“Magyars” ;“Hungarian” derives from the Turkic name (“On ogur”, i.e,. ten arrows) of the tribal federation on the Don which Arpád his horde left in order to settle the sparsely inhabited middle Danubian basin in 896. The horde spread terror by its forays but was pacified by defeat at the hands of the Germans at Augsburg in 955. In 1000 Stephen adopted Roman Catholicism and received a crown from the Pope. Stephen replaced the tribal structure with a system of counties administered by royal officials. As nomadism gave way to agriculture a feudal society developed led by nobility descended from the original conquerors.
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