Denmark was first organized as a unified state in the 10th century with a Christian monarchy. King Canute was also King of England and King of Norway in the 11th century, but the union of the three countries was soon dissolved. In 1363 a royal marriage united Denmark and Norway and these two countries joined with Sweden in 1397. Sweden separated herself in 1523 and thereafter was in conflict with Denmark until the Peace with Copenhagen in 1660. Denmark acquired approximately its present boundaries in 1815 at the end of the Napoleonic Wars. Having supported Napoleon, it was forced to cede Norway to Sweden by the Treaty of Kiel (1814); it lost its north-German territory to Prussia 1864–66 and only in 1920 was North Schleswig returned to Denmark.
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- Statistical Information: Danmarks Statistik (Sejrøgade 11, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø. Website: http://www.dst.dk/) was founded in 1849 and reorganized in 1966 as an independent institution; it is administratively placed under the Minister of Economic Affairs. Its main publications are: Statistisk Årbog (Statistical Yearbook). From 1896: Statistiske Efterretninger (Statistical News). Statistiske Månedsoversigt (Monthly Review of Statistics), Statistisk tiårsoversigt (Statistical Ten-Year Review).
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