Republic of Cameroon
  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The name Cameroon is derived from the Portuguese camaráes (prawns), introduced by Portuguese navigators who from 1472 came for the crayfish in the Wouri river estuary. Called Kamerun in German and Cameroun in French, the estuary was later called the Cameroons River by British navigators. The Duala people living there were important traders, selling slaves and later palm oil to Europeans. On 12 July 1884 they signed a treaty establishing German rule over Kamerun. Originally covering the Duala’s territory on the Wouri, this German colony later expanded to cover a large area inland, to which the name Kamerun was also applied.

République du Cameroun


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Further Reading

  1. DeLuncey, M. W., Cameroon: Dependence and Independence. London, 1989Google Scholar
  2. DeLancey, M. W. and Schraeder, P. J., Cameroon. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA). 1986Google Scholar
  3. National statistical office: Direction de la Statistique et de la Comptabilité Nationale, Ministère du Plan et de l’Aménagement du Territoire, YaoundéGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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