Ly∂veldi∂ Ísland (Republic of Iceland)
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Key Historical Events. The first settlers came to Iceland in 874, Between 930 and 1262 Iceland was an independent republic, but by the ‘Old Treaty’ of 1262 the country recognized the rule of the King of Norway. In 1380 Iceland, together with Norway, came under the rule of the Danish kings, but when Norway was separated from Denmark in 1814, Iceland remained under the rule of Denmark. Since 1 Dec. 1918 it has been acknowledged as a sovereign state. It was united with Denmark only through the common sovereign until it was proclaimed an independent republic on 17 June 1944 following a referendum favouring severance from the Danish crown.


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Further Reading

  1. Statistics Iceland, Landshagir (Statistical Yearbook of Iceland).—Hagtí∂indi (Monthly Statistics)Google Scholar
  2. Central Bank of Iceland. Economic Statistics Quarterly.—The Economy of Iceland. May 1994Google Scholar
  3. Horton, J. J., Iceland. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1983Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

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