Suomen Tasavalta—Republiken Finland
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Key Historical Events. Since the Middle Ages Finland had been a part of the realm of Sweden. In the 18th century parts of south-eastern Finland were conquered by Russia, and the rest of the country was ceded to Russia by the peace treaty of Hamina in 1809. Finland became an autonomous Grand Duchy which retained its previous laws and institutions under its Grand Duke, the Emperor of Russia. After the Russian revolution Finland declared itself independent on 6 Dec. 1917. The Civil War, in which ‘Whites’ supported by Germans fought ‘Reds’ supported by revolutionary Russians, was won by the ‘Whites’. After the war relations between Finland and Soviet Russia were normal¬ized in the Dorpat (Tartu) peace treaty of 14 Oct. 1920.


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Further Reading

  1. Statistics Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland (from 1879).—Bulletin of Statistics (monthly, from 1924).Google Scholar
  2. Constitution Act and Parliament Act of Finland. Helsinki, 1984Google Scholar
  3. Suomen valtiokalenteri-Finlands stalskalender (State Calendar of Finland). Helsinki. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  4. Facts About Finland. Helsinki. Annual (Union Bank of Finland)Google Scholar
  5. Finland in Figures. Helsinki, AnnualGoogle Scholar
  6. Arter, D., Politics and Policy-Making in Finland. Brighton, 1987Google Scholar
  7. Jakobson, M. Myth and Reality. Helsinki, 1987Google Scholar
  8. Jutikkala, E. and Pirinen, K., A History of Finland. 3rd ed. New York, 1979Google Scholar
  9. Kekkonen, U., President’s View. London, 1982Google Scholar
  10. Kirby, D. G., Finland in the Twentieth Century. 2nd ed. London, 1984Google Scholar
  11. Klinge, M., A Brief History of Finland. Helsinki, 1987Google Scholar
  12. Mead, W. R., Experience of Finland. Farnborough, 1993Google Scholar
  13. Petersson, O., The Government and Politics of the Nordic Countries. Stockholm, 1994Google Scholar
  14. Screen, J. E. O., Finland. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1981Google Scholar
  15. Singleton, F., The Economy of Finland in the Twentieth Century. Univ. of Bradford Press, 1987Google Scholar
  16. Tillotson, H. M., Finland at Peace and War, 1918–1993. London, 1993Google Scholar
  17. National statistical office: Statistics Finland, Tilastokcskus, FIN-00022.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

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