HISTORY. The ruling dynasty was founded by Shaikh Sabah al-Awal (ruled 1756–72). In 1899 Shaikh Mubarak concluded a treaty with the UK: in return for British protection, he undertook not to alienate any of his territory without British agreement. In 1914 the UK recognized Kuwait as an independent government under British protection. On 19 June 1961 an agreement reaffirmed the independence and sovereignty of Kuwait and recognized the Government of Kuwait’s responsibility for the conduct of internal and external affairs; the agreement of 1899 was terminated and the UK agreed to assist Kuwait should it request it.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Al-Yahya, M.A., Kuwait: Fall and Rebirth. London, 1993Google Scholar
- Clements, F. A., Kuwait. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1985Google Scholar
- Crystal, J., Kuwait: the Transformation of an Oil State. Boulder (Colo.), 1992Google Scholar
- Finnie, D.H., Shifting Lines in the Sand: Kuwait’s Elusive Frontier with Iraq. London, 1992Google Scholar