Bharat; (Republic of India)
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. Moslem, Hindu and Buddhist states developed together with frequent conflict until the establishment of the Mogul dynasty in 1526. The first settlements by the East India Company were made after 1600 and the Company established a formal system of government for Bengal in 1700. During the decline of the Moguls frequent wars between the Company, the French and the native princes led to the Company’s being brought under British Government control in 1784; the first Governor-General of India was appointed in 1786. The powers of the Company were abolished by the India Act, 1858, and its functions and forces transferred to the British Crown. Representative government was introduced in 1909, and the first parliament in 1919. The separate dominions of India and Pakistan became independent within the Commonwealth in 1947 and India became a republic in 1950.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. Balasubramanyam, V. N., The Economy of India. London, 1985Google Scholar
  2. Bardham, P., The Political Economy of Development in India. Oxford, 1984fGoogle Scholar
  3. Bhambhri, C. P., The Political Process in India. 1947–91. Delhi, 1991Google Scholar
  4. Brown, J., Modern India: The Origins of an Asian Democracy. 2nd ed. OUP, 1994Google Scholar
  5. Gupta, B. K. and Kharbas, D. S., India. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1984Google Scholar
  6. Gupta, D. C., Indian Government and Politics. 3rd ed. London, 1992Google Scholar
  7. Hall, A., The Emergence of Modern India. Columbia Univ. Press, 1981Google Scholar
  8. The Indian Annual Register. Calcutta, from 1953Google Scholar
  9. Jalan, B., India’s Economic Crisis: the Way Ahead. OUP, 1991Google Scholar
  10. Kulke, H. and Rothermund, D., A History of India. rev. ed. London, 1990Google Scholar
  11. Mehra, P., A Dictionary of Modem Indian History, 1707–1947. Delhi, 1987Google Scholar
  12. Moon, P., The British Conquest and Dominion of India. London and Indiana Univ. Press, 1989Google Scholar
  13. New Cambridge History of India. 5 vols. CUP, 1988–93. 2nd ed. 1994Google Scholar
  14. Ray, R. K., Industrialisation of India. OUP, 1983Google Scholar
  15. Smith, V. E., Oxford History of India. 3rd ed. OUP, 1958Google Scholar
  16. Spear, P., India: A Modern History. 2nd ed. Univ. of Michigan Press, 1972Google Scholar
  17. Other more specialized titles are listed under Constitution and Government, above.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations