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Hong Kong

  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

HISTORY. Hong Kong island and the southern tip of the Kowloon peninsula were ceded by China to Britain after the first and second Anglo-Chinese Wars by the Treaty of Nanking 1842 and the Convention of Peking 1860. The New Territories were leased to Britain for 99 years by China in 1898. Talks began in Sept. 1982 between Britain and China over the future of Hong Kong after the lease expiry in 1997. On 19 Dec. 1984, the 2 countries signed the Joint Declaration of the British and Chinese Governments on the Question of Hong Kong which entered into force on 27 May 1985. By the terms of this Hong Kong is to become, with effect from 1 July 1997, a Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China enjoying a high degree of autonomy, and vested with executive legislative and independent judicial power, including that of final adjudication. The laws currently in force in Hong Kong are to remain basically unchanged. The existing social and economic systems, and the present life-style, are to remain unchanged for another 50 years. This ‘one country, two systems’ principle, embodied in the Basic Law, which was enacted by the National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China in 1990, is to become the constitution for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. In June 1991 the Legislative Council approved a Bill of Rights. China (People’s Republic) objected to it.

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Further Reading

  1. Statistical Information: The Census and Statistics Department is responsible for the preparation and collation of Government statistics. These statistics are published mainly in the Hong Kong Monthly Digest of Statistics. The Department also publishes monthly trade statistics, economic indicators and an annual review of overseas trade, etc.Google Scholar
  2. Hong Kong [various years] Hong Kong Government PressGoogle Scholar
  3. Bonavia, D., Hong Kong 1997. London, 1984Google Scholar
  4. Cameron, N., An Illustrated History of Hong Kong. OUP, 1991Google Scholar
  5. Chill, H., et al (eds.) The Future of Hong Kong: Toward 1997 and Beyond. Westport, 1987Google Scholar
  6. Cottrell, R., The End of Hong Kong: the Secret Diplomacy of Imperial Retreat. London, 1993Google Scholar
  7. Endacott, G. B., A History of Hong Kong. 2nd ed. OUP, 1973.—Government and People in Hong Kong, 1841–1962. A Constitutional History. OUP, 1965Google Scholar
  8. Lo, C. P., Hong Kong. London, 1992Google Scholar
  9. Morris, J., Hong Kong: Epilogue to an Empire. 2nd ed. [of Hong Kong: Xianggang]. London, 1993Google Scholar
  10. Patrikeeff, F., Mouldering Pearl: Hong Kong at the Crossroads. London, 1989Google Scholar
  11. Roberts, E. V. et al. Historical Dictionary of Hong Kong and Macau. Metuchen (NJ), 1993Google Scholar
  12. Scott, I., Hong Kong: [Bibliography]. Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1990Google Scholar
  13. Segal, G., The Fate of Hong Kong. London, 1993Google Scholar
  14. Welsh, F., A History of Hong Kong. 2nd ed. London, 1994Google Scholar
  15. Wilson, D., Hong Kong, Hong Kong. London, 1991Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

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