Republic of Fiji
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. The first European discovery of the Fiji Islands was by the Dutch navigator Abel Tasman in 1643, and they were recorded in detail by Capt. Bligh after the mutiny of the Bounty (1789). In the 19th century the search for sandalwood, in which enormous profits were made, brought many ships. The influence of the deserters, shipwrecked sailors and missionaries who settled on the islands disrupted the pattern of life of the indigenous Fijians and gave rise to inter-tribal wars until Fiji was ceded to Britain on 10 Oct. 1874. Fiji became an independent state within the Commonwealth on 10 Oct. 1970. Following the electoral defeat of the Fijian-dominated National Alliance Party by an Indian-supported coalition in April 1987, Brig. Sitiveni Rabuka seized power after two coups, and declared Fiji a republic in Oct.; membership of the Commonwealth lapsed.


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Further Reading

  1. Bureau of Statistics. Current Economic Statistics. QuarterlyGoogle Scholar
  2. Reserve Bank of Fiji. Quarterly Review Google Scholar
  3. Bain, K., Fiji at the Crossroads, London, 1989Google Scholar
  4. Gorman, G. E. and Mills, J. J., Fiji [Bibliography], Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1994Google Scholar
  5. Howard, M. C, Fiji: Race and Politics in an Island State. Univ. of British Columbia Press, 1991Google Scholar
  6. Lal, B. J., Broken Waves: a History of the Fiji Islands in the Twentieth Century. Univ. of Hawaii Press, 1992Google Scholar
  7. Lal, V., Fiji: Coups in Paradise. London, 1991Google Scholar
  8. Ravuvu, A., The Façade of Democracy: Fijian Struggles for Political Control. Suva, 1991Google Scholar
  9. Scarr, D., Fiji: a Short History. Sydney, 1984Google Scholar
  10. Sutherland, W., Beyond the Politics of Race: an Alternative History of Fiji to 1992. Australian National Univ. Press, 1992Google Scholar
  11. Wright, R., On Fiji Islands. London, 1987Google Scholar
  12. National statistical office: Bureau of Statistics, POB 2221, Government Buildings, Suva.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

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