• Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. Italy was the colonial ruler of Eritrea from 1890 until 1941, when it fell to British forces in the Second World War and a British protectorate was set up. This ended in 1952 when the UN sanctioned its federation with Ethiopia. In 1962 Ethiopia became a unitary state and Eritrea was incorporated as a province. Eritreans began an armed struggle for independence, from 1972 under the leadership of the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF) which culminated successfully in the capture of Asmara on 24 May 1991. From then on the EPLF maintained a de facto independent administration which was


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Further Reading

  1. Connel, D., Against All Odds: a Chronicle of the Eritrean Revolution. Trenton (NJ), 1993Google Scholar
  2. Lewis, R., Eritrea: Africa’s Newest Country. London, 1993Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

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