Türkiye Çumhuriyeti (Republic of Turkey)
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. Turkey became a republic on 29 Oct. 1923. (For the transition from the Ottoman Empire see The Statesman’s Year-Book, 1991–92, p. 1210). Religious courts were abolished in 1924, Islam ceased to be the official state religion in 1928, women were given the franchise and western-style surnames were adopted in 1934.


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Further Reading

  1. State Institute of Statistics. Tiirkiye Islatistik Ytlligi/Statistical Yearbook of Turkey.—Dis Ticaret Istatistikleri/Foreign Trade Statistics (Annual).—Aylik Istatistik Balten (Monthly).Google Scholar
  2. The Turkish Constitution, 1971. Ankara, 1972Google Scholar
  3. Central Bank. Üç Ayhk Bülten/Quarterly Bulletin Google Scholar
  4. Ahmad, F., The Making of Modern Turkey. London, 1993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Barchard, D., Turkey and the West. London, 1985Google Scholar
  6. Birand, M. A., Shirts of Steel: an Anatomy of the Turkish Armed Forces. London, 1991Google Scholar
  7. Dodd, C. H., The Crisis of Turkish Democracy. Beverley, 1983Google Scholar
  8. Güclü, M., Turkey. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1981Google Scholar
  9. Hale, W., The Political and Economic Development of Modern Turkey. London, 1981Google Scholar
  10. Hesper, M., The State Tradition in Turkey. Beverley, 1985Google Scholar
  11. Kazancigil, A. and Ozbudun, E., (eds.) Atatürk: Founder of a Modem State. London, 1981Google Scholar
  12. Kinross, Lord, Atatürk. London, 1964Google Scholar
  13. Lewis, B., The Emergence of Modem Turkey. OUP, 1968Google Scholar
  14. Özal, T., Turkey in Europe and Europe in Turkey. Nicosia, 1992Google Scholar
  15. Tachau, F., Turkey: The Politics of Authority, Democracy and Development. New York, 1984Google Scholar
  16. Weiker W., The Modernization of Turkey. New York, 1981Google Scholar
  17. Zürcher, E. J., Turkey: a Modem History. London and New York, 1993 (NY, 1994)Google Scholar
  18. State library: MilliKütüphane Müdürlügü, Ankara.Google Scholar
  19. National statistical office: State Institute of Statistics, Prime Ministry, Ankara. President: Dr Orhan Güvenen.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

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