Reino de España (Kingdom of Spain)
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. Although Spain has traditionally been a monarchy there have been two Republics, the first in 1873, which lasted for 11 months, and the second 1931–39; both were democratically and peacefully proclaimed. Part of the army rebelled against the republican government on 18 July 1936, thus beginning the Spanish Civil War, see The Statesman’s Year-Book, 1939, pp. 1325–26. The new regime was led by Gen. Francisco Franco y Bahamonde as Head of State and Government, and its institutions were based on single party rule, with the Falange as the only legal political organization.


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Further Reading

  1. Donaghy, P. J. and Newton, M. T., Spain: A Guide to Political and Economic Institutions. CUP, 1987Google Scholar
  2. Harrison, J., The Spanish Economy in the Twentieth Century. London, 1985Google Scholar
  3. Hooper, J., The New Spaniards. 2nd ed. [of The Spaniards] London, 1995Google Scholar
  4. Péréz-Díaz, V. M., The Return of Civil Society: the Emergence of Democratic Spain. Harvard Univ. Press, 1993Google Scholar
  5. Preston, P., The Triumph of Democracy in Spain. London and New York, 1986CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Shields, G. J., Spain. [Bibliography], 2nd ed.Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1994Google Scholar
  7. Shubert, A., A Social History of Modern Spain. London, 1990CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. National library: Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid.Google Scholar
  9. National statistical office: Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE), Paseo de la Castellana, 183, Madrid.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

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