Jamhuriyadda Dimugradiga ee Soomaaliya (Somali Democratic Republic)
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. The Somali Republic came into being on 1 July 1960 as a result of the merger of the British Somaliland Protectorate, which became independent on 26 June 1960, and the Italian Trusteeship Territory of Somalia. On 21 Oct. 1969 Maj.-Gen. Mohammed Siyad Barre took power in a coup and formed a Supreme Revolutionary Council to administer the country, which was renamed the Somali Democratic Republic. After 12 years of civil war involving 5 factions, prominent amongst them the United Somali Congress (USC), the Somali National Movement (SNM) and the Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM), rebel forces had fought their way into Mogadishu by the end of 1990. Mohamed Siyad Barre fled on 27 Jan. 1991. Ali Mahdi Muhammad (USC) became president in Aug. 1991 but interfactional fighting continued. A UN-sponsored truce was signed in March 1992.


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Further Reading

  1. DeLancey, M. W., et al. Somalia. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1988Google Scholar
  2. Ghalib, J. M., The Cost of Dictatorship: the Somali Experience. New York, 1995Google Scholar
  3. National statistical office: Central Statistical Department, State Planning Commission, Mogadishu.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

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