República de Nicaragua
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. Active colonization of the Pacific coast was undertaken by Spaniards from Panama, beginning in 1523. After links with other Central American territories, and Mexico, Nicaragua became completely independent in 1838, but subject to a prolonged feud between the ‘Liberals’ of Leon and the ‘Conservatives’ of Granada. Mosquitia remained an autonomous kingdom on the Atlantic coast, under British protection until 1860.


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Further Reading

  1. Banco Central de Nicaragua, Informe annual Google Scholar
  2. Dematteis, L. and Vail, C., Nicaragua: a Decade of Revolution, New York, 1991Google Scholar
  3. Dijkstra, G., Industrialization in Sandinista Nicaragua: Policy and Party in a Mixed Economy. Boulder (Colo.), 1992Google Scholar
  4. Gilbert, D., Sandinistas: The Party and the Revolution. Oxford, 1988Google Scholar
  5. Spalding, R. J., The Political Economics of Revolutionary Nicaragua. London, 1987Google Scholar
  6. Walker, T. W., Nicaragua: The Land of Sandino. 2nd ed. Boulder (Colo.), 1991Google Scholar
  7. Woodward, R. L., Nicaragua. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1983Google Scholar
  8. National library: Biblioteca Nacional, ManaguaGoogle Scholar
  9. National statistical office: Dirección General de Estadistica y Censos, ManaguaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

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