Mongol Uls (Mongolian Republic)
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Outer Mongolia was a Chinese province from 1691 to 1911, an autonomous state under Russian protection from 1912 to 1919 and again a Chinese province from 1919 to 1921. On 13 March 1921 a Provisional People’s Government was established which declared the independence of Mongolia and on 5 Nov. 1921 signed a treaty with Soviet Russia annulling all previous unequal treaties and establishing friendly relations. On 26 Nov. 1924 the Government proclaimed the country the Mongolian People’s Republic.


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Further Reading

  1. The Central Statistical Office: National Economy of the MPR, 1924–1984: Anniversary Statistical Collection. Ulan Bator, 1984Google Scholar
  2. Akiner, S. (ed.) Mongolia Today. London, 1992Google Scholar
  3. Bawden, C. R., The Modern History of Mongolia London, 1968Google Scholar
  4. Becker, J., The Lost Country London, 1992Google Scholar
  5. Butler, W. E., (ed) The Mongolian Legal System: Contemporary Legislation and Documentation. The Hague, 1982Google Scholar
  6. Jagchid, S. and Hyer, P., Mongolia’s Culture and Society. Folkestone, 1979Google Scholar
  7. Lattimore, O., Nationalism and Revolution in Mongolia. Leiden, 1955.—Nomads and Commissars OUP, 1963Google Scholar
  8. Lörinc, L., Histoire de la Mongolie des Origines à nos Jours. Budapest, 1984Google Scholar
  9. Nordby, J., Mongolia in the Twentieth Century Farnborough, 1993Google Scholar
  10. Sanders, A. J. K., Mongolia: Politics, Economics and Society. London, 198Google Scholar
  11. Shirendev, B. and Sanjdorj, M. (eds.) History of the Mongolian People’s Republic. Vol. 3 (vols. 1 and 2 not translated). Harvard Univ. Press, 1976Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

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