Lietuvos Respublika
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Lithuanian tribes, organized into state units in the 9th century, unified in the face of encroachment by the German order of Teutonic Knights. At the time of Tatar-Mongol domination of Russia, Lithuania annexed Russian lands until by the middle of the 15th century Belorussia, parts of Russia and the Ukraine as far as the Black Sea were under its rule. Lithuania united with Poland dynastically in 1385 and politically in 1569. During the Russian partitions of Poland in the 18th century Lithuania yielded its Russian territories and was itself absorbed into the Russian empire in 1795.


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Further Reading

  1. Jurgela, C. R., History of the Lithuanian Nation New York, 1948Google Scholar
  2. Kantantas, A. and F., A Lithuanian Bibliography. Univ. of Alberta Press, 1975Google Scholar
  3. Lieven, A., The Baltic Revolution: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and the Path to Independence 2nd ed. Yale UP, 1994Google Scholar
  4. Misiunas, R. J. and Taagepera, R., The Baltic States: the Years of Dependence, 1940–91. 2nd ed. Farnborough, 1993Google Scholar
  5. Smith, I. A. and Grunts, M. V., The Baltic States. [Bibliography], Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1993Google Scholar
  6. Suziedlis, S., (ed.) Encyclopedia Lituanica. 6 vols. Boston, 1970–78Google Scholar
  7. National statistical office: Lithuanian Statistics Department, Vilnius. Director: Kestutis Zaborskas.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

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