Latvijas Republika
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Latvian tribes were under the hegemony of the German Order of Livonian Knights until 1561, when Latvia fell into Polish and Swedish hands. Between 1721 and 1795 Latvia was absorbed into the Russian empire. In the part of Latvia unoccupied by the Germans during the First World War, the Bolsheviks won 72% of the votes in the Constituent Assembly elections (Nov. 1917). Soviet power was proclaimed in Dec. 1917, but was overthrown when the Germans occupied all Latvia (Feb. 1918). Restored when they withdrew (Dec. 1918), it was overthrown once more by combined British naval and German military forces (May-Dec. 1919), and a democratic government set up. This régime was in turn replaced when a coup took place in May 1934.


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Further Reading

  1. State Statistics Committee. Latvijas Statistikas Gadagramata. [Statistical yearbook of Latvia].Google Scholar
  2. Bilmanis, A., A History of Latvia Princeton Univ. Press, 1951Google Scholar
  3. Lieven, A., The Baltic Revolution: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and the Path to Independence 2nd ed. Yale UP, 1994Google Scholar
  4. Misiunas, R. J. and Taagepera, R., The Baltic States: the Years of Dependence, 1940–91. 2nd ed. Farnborough, 1993Google Scholar
  5. Spekke, A., History of Latvia Stockholm, 1951Google Scholar
  6. Smith, I. A. and Grunts, M. V., The Baltic Slates. [Bibliography]. Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1993Google Scholar
  7. National statistical office: State Statistics Committee, Riga.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

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