République d’Haïti
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. Haiti occupies the western third of the large island of Hispaniola which was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492. The Spanish colony was ceded to France in 1697 and became her most prosperous colony. After the extirpation of the Indians by the Spaniards (by 1533) large numbers of African slaves were imported whose descendants now populate the country. The slaves obtained their liberation following the French Revolution, but subsequently Napoleon sent his brother-in-law, Gen. Leclerc, to restore French authority and re-impose slavery. Toussaint Louverture, the leader of the slaves who had been appointed a French general and governor, was kidnapped and sent to France, where he died in gaol. However, the resistance of the Haitian troops and the ravages of yellow fever forced the French to evacuate the island and surrender to a blockading British squadron.


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Further Reading

  1. The official gazette is Le Moniteur.Google Scholar
  2. Revue Agricole d’Haïti. From 1946. QuarterlyGoogle Scholar
  3. Bellegarde, D., Histoire du Peuple Haïtien. Port-au-Prince, 1953Google Scholar
  4. Chambers, F. J., Haiti. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1983Google Scholar
  5. Ferguson, J., Papa Doc, Baby Doc: Haiti and the Duvaliers. Oxford, 1987Google Scholar
  6. Laguerre, M. S., The Complete Haitiana. [Bibliography] London and New York, 1982. —Voodoo and Politics in Haiti. London, 1989Google Scholar
  7. Lawless, R., Haiti: a Research Guide. New York, 1990Google Scholar
  8. Lundahl, M., The Haitian Economy: Man, Land and Markets. London, 1983Google Scholar
  9. Nicholls, D., From Dessalines to Duvalier: Race, Colour and National Independence in Haiti. CUP, rev., 1988.—Haiti in Caribbean Context: Ethnicity, Economy and Revolt. London, 1985Google Scholar
  10. Wilentz, A., The Rainy Season: Haiti since Duvalier. New York, 1989Google Scholar
  11. National Library: Bibliothèque Nationale, Rue du Centre, Port-au-Prince.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

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