HISTORY. The territory, including the counties of Demerara, Essequibo and Ber-bice, named from the 3 rivers, was first partially settled by the Dutch West Indian Company about 1620. The Dutch retained their hold until 1796, when it was captured by the English. It was finally ceded to Great Britain in 1814 and named British Guiana. On 26 May 1966 British Guiana became an independent member of the Commonwealth under the name of Guyana and the world’s first Co-operative Republic on 23 Feb. 1970.
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