HISTORY. A military coup on 17 July 1973 overthrew the monarchy of King Zahir Shah. The coup was led by the King’s cousin and brother-in-law Mohammad Daoud who declared a Republic. King Zahir abdicated on 24 Aug. 1973. President Daoud was killed in a military coup in April 1978 which led to the establishment of a pro-Soviet government of the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA).
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