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Turkey

Türkiye Çumhuriyeti (Republic of Turkey)
  • Brian Hunter
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

HISTORY. The Turkish War of Independence (1919–22), following the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire, was led and won by Mustafa Kemal (Atatiirk) on behalf of the Grand National Assembly which first met in Ankara on 23 April 1920. On 20 Jan. 1921 the Grand National Assembly voted a constitution which declared that all sovereignty belonged to the people and vested all power, both executive and legislative, in the Grand National Assembly. The name ‘Ottoman Empire’ was later replaced by ‘Turkey’. On 1 Nov. 1922 the Grand National Assembly abolished the office of Sultan and Turkey became a republic on 29 Oct. 1923.

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Further Reading

  1. Statistical Information: The State Institute of Statistics in Ankara consists of a research bureau and 10 sections dealing with agriculture, education, foreign trade, etc. It published an Annuaire Statistiquel Istatistik Yiligi (1928–53) and Ayhk Istatistik Bulteni, Monthly Bulletin of Statistics.Google Scholar
  2. The Turkish Constitution, 1971. Ankara, 1972Google Scholar
  3. Resmî Gazete, Official Gazette. AnkaraGoogle Scholar
  4. Konjonktür. Ministry of Commerce (three times a year, from 1940)Google Scholar
  5. Turkish Daily News. AnkaraGoogle Scholar
  6. Banque Centrale de la République de Turquie. Bulletin Mensuel (from Jan. 1953)Google Scholar
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  11. Haie, W., The Political and Economic Development of Modern Turkey. London, 1981Google Scholar
  12. Hesper, M., The State Tradition in Turkey. Beverley, 1985Google Scholar
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  15. Lewis, B., The Emergence of Modern Turkey. OUP, 1968Google Scholar
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  17. Rustow, D. A., Turkey: America’s Forgotten Ally. New York, 1987Google Scholar
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  20. Weiker W., The Modernization of Turkey. New York, 1981Google Scholar
  21. State Library: MilliKütüphane Müdürlügü, Ankara.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Hunter

There are no affiliations available

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