Lýðveldið Ísland
  • John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The first settlers came to Iceland in 874. Between 930 and 1264 Iceland was an independent republic, but by the ‘Old Treaty’ of 1263 the country recognized the rule of the King of Norway. In 1381 Iceland, together with Norway, came under the rule of the Danish kings, but when Norway was separated from Denmark in 1814, Iceland remained under the rule of Denmark. Since 1 Dec. 1918 it has been acknowledged as a sovereign state. It was united with Denmark only through the common sovereign until it was proclaimed an independent republic on 17 June 1944.


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Further Reading

  1. Statistical Information: The Statistical Bureau of Iceland, Hagstofa Íslands (Reykjavík) was founded in 1914. Director: Hallgrimur Snorrason, Its main publications are:Google Scholar
  2. Statistical Abstract. (latest issue 1984)Google Scholar
  3. Hagskýrslur Íslands. Statistics of Iceland (from 1912)Google Scholar
  4. Hagtíðindi (Statistical Bulletin) (from 1916)Google Scholar
  5. Economic Statisties. Central Bank of Iceland (quarterly from 1980)Google Scholar
  6. Icelandic Currency Reform January 1st 1981. Central Bank of Iceland, 1980Google Scholar
  7. Heilbrigðisskýrslur. Public Health in Iceland (latest issue for 1983; published 1986)Google Scholar
  8. Cleasby, R., An Icelandic-English Dictionary. 2nd ed. Oxford, 1957Google Scholar
  9. Foss, H. (ed.) Directory of Iceland. Annual. Reykjavík, 1907–40, 1948 ff.Google Scholar
  10. Hermannsson, Halldór, Islandica. An annual relating to Iceland and the Fiske Icelandic Collection in Cornell University Library. Ithaca (from 1908)Google Scholar
  11. Hood, J. C. F., Icelandic Church Saga. London, 1946Google Scholar
  12. Horton, J. J., Iceland. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara. 1983Google Scholar
  13. Leaf, H., Iceland Yesterday and Today. London, 1949Google Scholar
  14. Magnússon, S. A., Northern Sphinx: Iceland and the Icelanders from the Settlement to the Present. London, 1977Google Scholar
  15. Nordal, J. and Kristinsson, V. (eds) Iceland 1986. Central Bank of Iceland, Reykjavik, 1987Google Scholar
  16. Þórðarson, Matthias, The Althing, Iceland’s Thousand- Year-Old Parliament, 930–1930. Reykjavík. 1930Google Scholar
  17. Þorsteinsson, Þorsteinn, Iceland. 1946: A Handbook Published on the 60th Anniversary of the National Bank of Iceland. 4th ed. Reykjavík, 1946Google Scholar
  18. Zoëga, G. T., Íslensk-ensk (and Ensk-íslensk) orðabók. 3rd ed. 2 vols. Reykjavík, 1932–51Google Scholar
  19. National Library: Dr Landsbókasafnið, Reykjavík, Librarian:Dr Finnbogi Guðmundsson.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

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