Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
  • John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Turkish War of Independence (1919–22), following the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire, was led and won by Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk) on behalf of the Grand National Assembly which first met in Ankara on 23 April 1920. On 20 Jan. 1921 the Grand National Assembly voted a constitution which declared that all sovereignty belonged to the people and vested all power, both executive and legislative, in the Grand National Assembly. The name ‘Ottoman Empire’ was later replaced by ‘Turkey’. On 1 Nov. 1922 the Grand National Assembly abolished the office of Sultan and Turkey became a republic on 29 Oct. 1923.


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Further Reading

  1. Statistical Information: The State Institute of Statistics in Ankara consists of a research bureau and 10 sections dealing with agriculture, education, foreign trade, etc. It published an Annuaire Statistique/Istatistik Yihği (1928–53) and Ayhk Istatistik Bülteni, Monthly Bulletin of’Statistics.Google Scholar
  2. The Turkish Constitution. 1971. Ankara. 1972Google Scholar
  3. Resmi Gazete, Official Gazette. AnkaraGoogle Scholar
  4. Konjunktür. Ministry of Commerce (three times a year, from 1940)Google Scholar
  5. Banque Centrale de la République de Turquie. Bulletin Mensuel (from Jan. 1953)Google Scholar
  6. Barchard, D., Turkey-andthe West. London. 1985Google Scholar
  7. Dodd, C. H., The Crisis of Turkish Democracy. Beverley, 1983Google Scholar
  8. Goodwin, G., A History of Ottoman Architecture. London, 1971Google Scholar
  9. Güclü, M., Turkey. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1981Google Scholar
  10. Hale, W., Tlie Political and Economic Development of Modern Turkey. London, 1981Google Scholar
  11. Hespern, M., The State Tradition in Turkey. Beverley, 1985Google Scholar
  12. Kazancigil, A. and Ozbudun, E.,(eds.) Atatürk: Founder of a Modern State. London, 1981Google Scholar
  13. Kinross, Lord, Atatürk. London, 1964Google Scholar
  14. Lewis, B., The Emergence of Modern Turkey. OU P. 1968Google Scholar
  15. Mackenzie, K., Turkey in transition: The West’s Neglected Ally. London, 1984Google Scholar
  16. Sezer, D. B., Turkey’s Security Policies. London, 1981Google Scholar
  17. Tachau, F., Turkey: The Politics of Authority, Democracy and Development. New York, 1984Google Scholar
  18. Weiker W., The Modernization of Turkey. New York, 1981Google Scholar
  19. Stale Library: MilliKütüphane Müdürlügü. Ankara.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

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