• John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


By the Treaty of 14 Jan. 1814 Norway was ceded to the King of Sweden by the King of Denmark, but the Norwegian people declared themselves independent and elected Prince Christian Frederik of Denmark as their king. The foreign Powers refused to recognize this election, and on 14 Aug. a convention proclaimed the independence of Norway in a personal union with Sweden. This was followed on 4 Nov. by the election of Karl XIII (II) as King of Norway. Norway declared this union dissolved, 7 June 1905, and Sweden agreed to the repeal of the union on 26 Oct. 1905. The throne was offered to a prince of the reigning house of Sweden, who declined. After a plebiscite, Prince Carl of Denmark was formally elected King on 18 Nov. 1905, and took the name of Haakon VII.

Kongeriket Norge


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. Norsk Polarinstitutt. Skrifter, Oslo, from 1948 (under different titles from 1922)Google Scholar
  2. Greve, T., Svalbard: Norway in the Arctic. Oslo, 1975Google Scholar
  3. Hisdal, V., Geography of Svalbard. Norsk Polarinstitutt, Oslo, rev. ed., 1984Google Scholar
  4. Orvin, A. K., ‘Twenty-five Years of Norwegian Sovereignty in Svalbard 1925–1950’ (in The Polar Record, 1951)Google Scholar
  5. Statistical Information: The Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistisk Sentralbyrå (Skippergaten 15, P.B.8131 Dep.0033, Oslo 1), was founded in 1876 as an independent state institution.Google Scholar
  6. Acting director general: Gisle Skancke. The earliest census of population was taken in 1769. The Sentralbyrâ publishes the series Norges Ojfisielle Slatistikk, Norway’s official statistics (from 1828), and Social Economic Studies (from 1954). The main publications are:Google Scholar
  7. Statistisk Årbok for Norge (annual, from 1880; from 1952 bilingual Norwegian-English)Google Scholar
  8. Økonomisk Ulsyn (Economic survey annual, from 1935; with English summary from 1952)Google Scholar
  9. Historisk Slatistikk 1978 (historical statistics; bilingual Norwegian-English)Google Scholar
  10. Statistisk Månedshefte (monthly, from 1880; with English index)Google Scholar
  11. Sosialt Ulsyn 1983 (social survey). IrregularGoogle Scholar
  12. Miljóstatislikk 1983 (environmental statistics). IrregularGoogle Scholar
  13. Norges Statskalender. From 1816; annual from 1877Google Scholar
  14. Facts about Norway. Ed. by Aftenposten. 20th ed. Oslo, 1986–87Google Scholar
  15. Arntzen, J. G. and Knudsen, B. B., Political Life and Institutions in Norway. Oslo, 1981Google Scholar
  16. Derry, T. K., A History of Modern Norway, 1814–1972. OUP, 1973.Google Scholar
  17. Derry, T. K., A History of Scandinavia. London, 1979Google Scholar
  18. Classer, E., Norwegen [Bibliography] Darmstadt, 1978Google Scholar
  19. Gleditsch, Th., Engelsk-norsk ordbok, 2nd ed. Oslo, 1948Google Scholar
  20. Greve, T., Haakon VI of Norway, Founder of a New Monarchy. London, 1983Google Scholar
  21. Grønland, E., Norway in English, Books on Norway... 1742–1959. Oslo, 1961Google Scholar
  22. Haugen, E., Norwegian-English Dictionary, Oslo, 1965Google Scholar
  23. Helvig, M., Norway: Land, People, Industries, a Brief Geography. 3rd ed. Oslo, 1970Google Scholar
  24. Holtedahl, O. (ed.) Geology of Norway. Oslo, 1960Google Scholar
  25. Hornby, A. S. and Svenkerud, H., Oxford engelsk-norsk ordbok. Oslo, 1983Google Scholar
  26. Hove, O., The System of Education. Oslo, 1968Google Scholar
  27. Imber, W., Norway. Oslo, 1980Google Scholar
  28. Knudsen, O., Norway at Work. Oslo, 1972Google Scholar
  29. Larsen, K., A History of Norway. New York, 1948Google Scholar
  30. Midgaard, J., A Brief History of Norway. Oslo, 1969Google Scholar
  31. Nielsen, K. and Nesheim, A., Lapp Dictionary: Lapp-English-Norwegian. 5 vols., Oslo 1963Google Scholar
  32. Orvik, N. (ed.) Fears and Expectations: Norwegian Attitudes Toward European Integration. Oslo, 1972Google Scholar
  33. Paine, R., Coast Lapp Society. 2 vols. Tromsø, 1957–65Google Scholar
  34. Popperwell, R. G., Norway. London, 1972Google Scholar
  35. Sather, L. B., Norway. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1986Google Scholar
  36. Selbyg, A., Norway Today: An Introduction to Modern Norwegian Society. Oslo, 1986Google Scholar
  37. National Library: The University Library, Drammensvein 42b, 0255 Oslo. Director: Ben Rugaas.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations