• John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Active colonization of the Pacific coast was undertaken by Spaniards from Panama, beginning in 1523. After links with other Central American territories, and Mexico, Nicaragua became completely independent in 1838, but subject to a prolonged feud between the ‘Liberals’ of Leon and the ‘Conservatives’ of Granada. Mosquitia remained an autonomous kingdom on the Atlantic coast, under British protection until 1860.

República de Nicaragua


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Further Reading

  1. Directión General Estadística y Censos, Boletín de Estadistica (irregular intervals); and Indicadores Economicos. Google Scholar
  2. Black, G., Triumph of the People: The Sandinisla Revolution in Nicaragua. London, 1981Google Scholar
  3. Boletin de la Superintendencia de Bancos. Banco Central, ManaguaGoogle Scholar
  4. Booth, J. A., The End of the Beginning: The Nicaraguan Revolution. Boulder, 1982Google Scholar
  5. Christian, S., Nicaragua: Revolution in the Family. New York, 1985Google Scholar
  6. McGinnis, J., Solidarity with the People of Nicaragua. New York, 1985Google Scholar
  7. Rosset, P. and Vandermeer, J., (eds.) The Nicaragua Reader: Documents of a Revolution under Fire. New York, 1984Google Scholar
  8. Spalding, R. J., The Political Economics of Revolutionary Nicaragua. London, 1987Google Scholar
  9. Walker, T. W., Nicaragua: The Land of Sandino. Boulder, 1982.Google Scholar
  10. Walker, T. W., Nicaragua: The First Five Years. New York, 1985Google Scholar
  11. Weber, H., Nicaragua: The Sandinista Revolution. London and New York, 1981Google Scholar
  12. Woodward, R. L., Nicaragua. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1983Google Scholar
  13. National Library: Biblioteca National, Managua, D.N.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

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