Until the middle of the 19th century the territory drained by the Congo River was practically unknown. When Stanley reached the mouth of the Congo in 1877, King Leopold II of the Belgians recognized the immense possibilities of the Congo Basin and took the lead in exploring and exploiting it. The Berlin Conference of 1884–85 recognized King Leopold II as the sovereign head of the Congo Free State.
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Books of Reference
- Area Handbook for the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa). US Government Printing Office, Washington, 1971Google Scholar
- Atlas Général du Congo. Académie Royale, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
- Gran, G., Zaire: The Political Economy of Underdevelopment. New York, 1979Google Scholar
- Slade, R. M., King Leopold’s Congo: Aspects of the Development of Race Relations in the Congo’s Independent State. OUP, 1962Google Scholar
- Young, C, and Turner, T., The Rise and Decline of the Zaïrian State. Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1985Google Scholar