William of Orange (1533–84), as the German count of Nassau, inherited vast possessions in the Netherlands and the Princedom of Orange in France. He was the initiator of the struggle for independence from Spain (1568–1648); in the Republic of the United Netherlands he and his successors became the ‘first servants of the Republic’ with the title of ‘Stadhouder’ (governor). In 1689 William III acceded to the throne of England, becoming joint sovereign with Mary II, his wife. William III died in 1702 without issue, and after a stadhouderless period a member of the Frisian branch of Orange-Nassau was nominated hereditary stadhouder in 1747; but his successor, Willem V, had to take refuge in England, in 1795, at the invasion of the French Army. In Nov. 1813 the United Provinces were freed from French domination.
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Books of Reference
- Its current publications include: Statistical Yearbook of the Netherlands. From 1923/24 (preceded by Jaarcijfers voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden, 1898–1922); latest issue, 1987 (in English)Google Scholar
- Statistisch zakboek (Pocket Year Book). From 1899/1924(1 vol.); latest issue, 1987Google Scholar
- CBS Select (Statistical Essays). From 1980; latest issue, 1987Google Scholar
- Statistisch Bulletin (From 1945; weekly statistical bulletin)Google Scholar
- Maandschrift (From 1944; monthly bulletin)Google Scholar
- 85 Jaren Statistiek In Tijdreeksen (historical series of the Netherlands 1899–1984)Google Scholar
- Nationale Rekeningen (National Accounts). From 1948–50; latest issue, 1987Google Scholar
- Statistisch Magazine. From 1981Google Scholar
- Statistische onderzoekingen. From 1977Google Scholar
- Statistical Studies. From 1953Google Scholar
- Regionaal Statistisch Zakboek (Regional Pocket Yearbook). From 1972, latest issue 1986Google Scholar
- Environmental Statistics of the Netherlands, 1987 (in English)Google Scholar