HISTORY. Madagascar was discovered by the Portuguese, Diego Diaz, in 1500. The island was unified under the Imérina monarchy between 1797 and 1861, but French claims to a protectorate led to hostilities culminating in the establishment of a protectorate on 30 Sept. 1895. The monarchy was abolished and Madagascar became a French Colony on 6 Aug. 1896.
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Books of Reference
- Statistical Information: The Service de Statistique Générale in Antananarivo published the Bulletin mensuel de Madagascar (from 1971); continuation of the trimestrial Bulletin de statistique générale (1949–71), the Revue de Madagascar, the Madagascar à travers ses provinces (latest issue, 1953) and the Statistiques du Commerce Extérieur de Madagascar. Bulletin de l’Académie Malgache (from 1902)Google Scholar
- Brown, M., Madagascar Rediscovered. London, 1978Google Scholar
- Deschamps, H., Histoire de Madagascar. Paris, 4th ed. 1972Google Scholar