HISTORY. The Solomon Islands were discovered in 1568 by Alvaro de Mendana, on a voyage of discovery from Peru; 200 years passed before European contact was again made with the Solomons. The Solomon Islands lie within the area 5° to 12° 30′ S. lat. and 155° 30′ to 169° 45′ E. long. The group includes the main islands of Guadalcanal, Malaita, San Cristobal, New Georgia, Santa Isabel and Choiseul; the smaller Florida and Russell groups; the Shortland, Mono (or Treasury), Vella La Vella, Kolombangara, Ranongga, Gizo and Rendova Islands; to the east, Santa Cruz, Tikopia, the Reef and Duff groups; Rennell and Bellona in the south; Ontong Java or Lord Howe to the north; and innumerable smaller islands. The 4 first-named were placed under British protection in 1893; the other islands were added in 1898 and 1899.
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Books of Reference
- Solomon Islands Hand Book 1983. Government Information Service, Honiara, 1983Google Scholar
- Amhurst, Lord, and Thompson, B., The Discovery of the Solomon Islands in 1568. London, 1967Google Scholar
- Kent, J., The Solomon Islands. Newton Abbot, 1972Google Scholar
- Miller, J., Guadalcanal: The First Offensive. Washington, 1949Google Scholar