France proclaimed a protectorate over Chad on 5 Sept. 1900, and in July 1908 the territory was incorporated into French Equatorial Africa. It became a separate colony March 1920, and in 1946 one of the four constituent territories of French Equatorial Africa. On 1 Jan. 1959 Chad became an autonomous republic within the French Community and achieved full independence on 11 Aug. 1960, although the northern prefecture of Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti remained under French military administration until 1965.
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Books of Reference
- Aperçu sur le Tchad. Publication of the President. 2nd ed. N’djaména, 1973Google Scholar
- L’essentiel sur le Tchad. Publication of the President. 2nd éd. N’djaména, 1972Google Scholar
- Thompson, V., and Adloff, R., Conflict in Chad. London and Berkeley, 1981Google Scholar
- Westebbe, R., Chad: Development Potential and Constraints. Washington, D.C., 1974Google Scholar