The Netherlands

  • John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


William of Orange (1533–84), as the German count of Nassau, inher­ited vast possessions in the Netherlands and the Princedom of Orange in France. He was the initiator of the struggle for independence from Spain (1568–1648); in the Republic of the United Netherlands he and his successors became the ‘first ser­vants of the Republic’ with the title of ‘Stadhouder’ (governor). In 1689 William III acceded to the throne of England, becoming joint sovereign with Mary H, his wife. William III died in 1702 without issue, and after a stadhouderless period a member of the Frisian branch of Orange-Nassau was nominated hereditary stadhouder in 1747; but his successor, Willem V, had to take refuge in England, in 1795, at the invasion of the French Army. In Nov. 1813 the United Provinces were freed from French domination.

Koninkrijk der Nederlanden


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Books of Reference

  1. Statistical Yearbook of the Netherlands. From 1923/24 (preceded by Jaarcijfers voor het KoninkrijkderNederlanden, 1898–1922): latest issue, 1983Google Scholar
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Non-Official Publications

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  20. Westerman, J. H., Overzicht van de geologische en mijnbouwkundige kennis der Nederlandse Antillen. Amsterdam, 1949Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

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