al Jumhouriya al ‘Iraqia
  • John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Part of the Ottoman Empire from the 16th century. Iraq was captured by British forces in 1916 and became in 1921 a Kingdom under a League of Nations mandate, administered by Britain. It became independent on 3 Oct. 1932 under the Hashemite Dynasty, which was overthrown on 14 July 1958 by a military coup which established a Republic, controlled by a military-led Council of Sovereignty under Gen. Qassim. The republican régime terminated the adherence of Iraq to the Arab Federation (see The Statesman’s Year-Book, 1958, p. 806). In 1963 Qassim was overthrown and Gen. Abdul Salam Aref became President, to be succeeded in 1966 by his brother Abdul Rahman Aref. In 1968 a successful coup was mounted by the Ba’th Party, which brought Gen. Ahmed Al Bakr to the Presidency. His Vice-President, from 1969, Saddam Hussein, became President in a peaceful transfer of power in 1979.


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Books of Reference

  1. Statistical Information: The Central Statistical Organization, Ministry of Planning, Baghdad (President: Dr Salan Al-Shaikhly) publishes an annual Statistical Abstract (latest issue 1973). Foreign Trade statistics are published annually by the Ministry of Planning.Google Scholar
  2. Abdulrahman, A. J., Iraq. Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1984Google Scholar
  3. Arfa, H., The Kurds. OUP, 1966Google Scholar
  4. Ghareeb, E., The Kurdish Question in Iraq. Syracuse Univ. Press, 1981Google Scholar
  5. Khadduri, M., Independent Iraq. OUP, 1960.Google Scholar
  6. Republican Iraq. OUP, 1970.Google Scholar
  7. Socialist Iraq: A Study of Iraqi Politics since 1968. OUP, 1978Google Scholar
  8. Postgate, E., Iraq: International Relations and National Development. London, 1983Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

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