Advertisement

Albania

Republika Popullore Socialiste e Shqipërisë
  • John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

After the death of Gjergi Kastrioti Skënderbeu (Skanderbeg), Albania’s national hero, in 1468 Albania passed under Turkish suzerainty until 1912. Independence was proclaimed at Vlonë on 28 Nov. 1912, and the London conference of ambassadors decided upon its frontiers and nominated as its ruler Prince William of Wied, who arrived at Durrës on 7 March 1914, but on 3 Sept. 1914 left the country, which fell into a state of anarchy. By the secret Pact of London of 26 April 1915 provision was made for the partition of Albania; but this arrangement was repudiated on 3 June 1917, when the Italian C.-in-C. in Albania proclaimed at Gjirokastër the independence of Albania. In Jan. 1925 a republic was proclaimed and on 1 Sept. 1928 a monarchy. Ahmed Beg Zogu, President since 31 Jan. 1925, reigned as King Zog till April 1939, when, on the occupation of the country by the Italians, he fled to England. After the liberation he was deposed in absentia on 2 Jan. 1946. During the years 1939–44 the country was overrun by Italians and Germans. The official Albanian date of the liberation is 29 Nov. 1944.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Books of Reference

  1. Vjetari Statistikor (Statistical Yearbook). Tirana, irregular, 1959–72Google Scholar
  2. 35 vjet Shqipëri socialiste (statistical handbook). Tirana, 1979Google Scholar
  3. History of the Labour Party of Albania. Tirana, 1971Google Scholar
  4. History of the Labour Party of Albania 1966–1980. Tirana, 1981Google Scholar
  5. Portrait of Albania. Tirana, 1982Google Scholar
  6. Bertolino, J., Albanie: la Citadelle de Staline. Paris, 1979Google Scholar
  7. Duro, I., and Hysa, R., Albanian-English Dictionary. Tirana, 1981Google Scholar
  8. Hetzer, A., and Roman, V. S. Albania: A Bibliographic Research Survey. Munich, 1983Google Scholar
  9. Hoxha, E., Réflexions sur la Chine. Paris, 1979.Google Scholar
  10. Speeches, Conversations and Articles. 1969–1970. Tirana, 1980.Google Scholar
  11. The Khrushchevites: Memoirs. Tirana, 1980.Google Scholar
  12. The Anglo-American Threat to Albania. Tirana, 1982Google Scholar
  13. Logoreci, A., The Albanians: Europe’s Forgotten Survivors. London, 1977Google Scholar
  14. Marmullaku, R., Albania and the Albanians. London, 1975Google Scholar
  15. Martin, N., La Forteresse Albanaise: un Communisme National. Paris, 1979Google Scholar
  16. Pano, N.C., The People’s Republic of Albania. Baltimore, 1968Google Scholar
  17. Pollo, S. and Arben, P., The History of Albania. London, 1981Google Scholar
  18. Prifti, P. R., Socialist Albania since 1944. Cambridge, Mass., 1978Google Scholar
  19. Russ, W., Der Entwicklungsweg Albaniens. Meisenheim-am-Glan, 1979Google Scholar
  20. Schnytzer, A., Stalinist Economic Strategy: The Case of Albania. OUP, 1982Google Scholar
  21. Tönnes, B., Sonderfall Albanien: Enver Hoxhas ‘Eigener Weg und die Historischen Ursprünge seiner Ideologie. Munich, 1980Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations