• John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Bulgarian state was founded in 681, but fell under Turkish rule in 1396. By the Treaty of Berlin, which followed the Russo-Turkish war of 1878, the Principality of Bulgaria and the Autonomous Province of Eastern Rumelia, both under Turkish suzerainty, were constituted. In 1885 Rumelia was reunited with Bulgaria. On 5 Oct. 1908 Bulgaria declared her independence of Turkey. Rulers: Prince Alexander 1 of Battenberg, 1879–86; Prince (after 1908, Tsar) Ferdinand, 1887–1918 (abdicated); Tsar Boris 111, 1918–43; Tsar Simeon II, lost his throne as a result of a referendum held on 8 Sept. 1946 (3,801,160 votes for a republic, 197, 176 for the monarchy, 119, 168 invalid).

Narodna Republika Bulgaria


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Books of Reference

  1. Kralka Bülgarska Entsiklopedüa (Short Bulgarian Encyclopaedia), 5 vols. Sofia, 1963–69Google Scholar
  2. Slalislicheski Godishnik (Statistical Yearbook). Sofia from 1956Google Scholar
  3. Constitution of the People’s Republic oj Bulgaria. Sofia, 1971Google Scholar
  4. Modern Bulgaria: History, Polities, Economy, Culture. Sofia, 1981Google Scholar
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  6. Brown, J. F., Bulgaria under Communist Rule London, 1970Google Scholar
  7. Dobrin, B., Bulgarian Economic Development Since World War II. New York, 1973Google Scholar
  8. Feiwel, G. R., Growth and Reforms in Centrally Planned Economies: the Lessons of the Bulgarian Experience. New York, 1977Google Scholar
  9. Markov, M., System of Social Administration in Bulgaria. Sofia, 1969Google Scholar
  10. Oren, N., Communism Administered: A grarianism and Communism in Bulgaria. Baltimore, 1973Google Scholar
  11. Pundeff, M. V., Bulgaria: A Bibliographic Guide. Library of Congress, 1965Google Scholar
  12. Spasov, B., La Bulgarie. Paris, 1973Google Scholar
  13. Todorov, N., and others, Bulgaria: Historic and Geographical Outline. Sofia, 1965Google Scholar
  14. Zhivkov, T., Modern Bulgaria: Problems and Tasks in Building an Advanced Socialist Society. New York, 1974Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

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