Yemen Arab Republic
On the death of the Iman Ahmad on 18 Sept. 1962, army officers seized power on 26–27 Sept., declared his son, Saif Al-Islam Al-Badr (Iman Mansur Billah Muhammad), deposed and proclaimed a republic. The republican régime was supported by Egyptian troops, whereas the royalist tribes received aid from Saudi Arabia. On 24 Aug. 1965 President Nasser and King Faisal signed an agreement according to which the two powers are to support a plebiscite to determine the future of the Yemen; a conference of republican and royalist delegates met at Haradh on 23 Nov. 1965, but no plebiscite was agreed upon. At a meeting of the Arab heads of state in Aug. 1967 the President and the King agreed upon disengaging themselves from the civil war in Yemen. At the time there were still about 50,000 Egyptian troops in the country, holding San’a, Ta’iz, Hodeida and the plains, whereas the mountains were in the hands of the royalist tribes. By the end of 1967 the Egyptians had withdrawn.
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Books of Reference
- Bidwell, R., The Two Yemens. Boulder and London, 1983Google Scholar
- Heyworth-Dunne, G. E., Al-Yemen. Social, Political and Economic Survey. Cairo, 1952Google Scholar
- Ingrarns, H., The Yemen. London, 1963Google Scholar
- Macro, E., Yemen and the Western World, 1571–1964. London, 1967Google Scholar
- Peterson, J. E., Yemen: The Search for a Modern State. London, 1982Google Scholar
- Smith, R., The Yemens. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1984Google Scholar
- Stookey, R. W., Yemen: The Politics of the Yemen Arab Republic. Boulder, 1978Google Scholar