Trading settlements were established by Arab merchants at Sofala (Beira), Quelimane, Angoche and Mozambique Island in the fifteenth century. Mozambique Island was visited by Vasco da Gamba’s fleet on 2 March 1498, and Sofala was occupied by Portuguese in 1506. At first ruled as part of Portuguese India, a separate administration was created in 1752, and on 11 June 1951 Mozambique became an Overseas Province of Portugal. Following a decade of guerrilla activity, Portugal and the nationalists jointly established a transitional government on 20 Sept. 1974. Independence was achieved on 25 June 1975. In March 1984 the Republic of South Africa and Mozambique signed a non-agression pact.
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Books of Reference
- Henriksen, T. H., Mozambique: A History. London and Cape Town, 1978Google Scholar
- Houser, G., and Shore, H., Mozambique: Dream the Size of Freedom. New York, 1975Google Scholar
- Isaacman, A., A Luta Continua: Building a New Society in Mozambique. New York. 1978Google Scholar
- Mondlane, E., The Struggle for Mozambique. London, 1983Google Scholar
- Munslow, B., Mozambique: The Revolution and its Origins. London, 1983Google Scholar