Lýðveldið Ísland
  • John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The first settlers came to Iceland in 874. Between 930 and 1264 Iceland was an independent republic, but by the ‘Old Treaty’ of 1263 the country recognized the rule of the King of Norway. In 1381 Iceland, together with Norway, came under the rule of the Danish kings, but when Norway was separated from Denmark in 1814, Iceland remained under the rule of Denmark. Since 1 Dec. 1918 it has been acknowledged as a sovereign state. It was united with Denmark only through the common sovereign until it was proclaimed an independent republic on 17 June 1944.


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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

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