Mongolian People’s Republic

Bügd Nayramdakh Mongol Ard Uls
  • John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Outer Mongolia was a Chinese province from 1691 to 1911, an autonomous state under Russian protection from 1912 to 1919 and again a Chinese province from 1919 to 1921. On 13 March 1921 a Provisional People’s Government was established which declared the independence of Mongolia and on 5 Nov. 1921 signed a treaty with Soviet Russia annulling all previous unequal treaties and establishing friendly relations. On 26 Nov. 1924 the Government proclaimed the country the Mongolian People’s Republic.


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Books of Reference

  1. The Central Statistical Office: Economic Statistics of the MPR for 40 Years. 1961.—40 Years of the MPR Revolution. 1961.—National Economy MPR 1973. 1974Google Scholar
  2. Bavrin, E. P., Mongol’skaya Narodnaya Respublika: Spravochnik. Moscow, 1976Google Scholar
  3. Bawden, C. R., The Modern History of Mongolia. London, 1968Google Scholar
  4. Boberg, F., Mongolian-English, English-Mongolian Dictionary. 3 vols. Stockholm, 1954–55Google Scholar
  5. Haltod, M. (ed.), Mongolian-English Dictionary. Berkeley, Cal., 1961Google Scholar
  6. Lattimore, O., Nationalism and Revolution in Mongolia. Leiden, 1955.—Nomads and Commissars. OUP, 1963Google Scholar
  7. Petrov, V. P., Mongolia: A Profile. London, 1971Google Scholar
  8. Rupen, R. A., Mongols of the Twentieth Century. Indiana Univ. Press, 1964Google Scholar
  9. Sandag, S., The Mongolian People’s Struggle for National Independence. Ulan Bator, 1966Google Scholar
  10. Sanders, A. J. K., The People’s Republic of Mongolia: A General Reference Guide. OUP, 1968Google Scholar
  11. Shirendev, B., and Sanjdorj, M. (eds.), History of the Mongolian People’s Republic. Vol. 3 (vols. 1 and 2 not translated). Harvard Univ. Press, 1976Google Scholar
  12. Zhukov, E. M., and others (eds.). History of the Mongolian People’s Republic. Moscow, 1973Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

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