• John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Since the Middle Ages Finland was a part of the realm of Sweden. In the 18th century parts of south-eastern Finland were conquered by Russia, and the rest of the country was ceded to Russia by the peace treaty of Hamina in 1809. Finland became an autonomous grand-duchy which retained its previous laws and institutions under its Grand Duke, the Emperor of Russia. After the Russian revolution Finland declared itself independent on 6 Dec. 1917. The country was freed from Russian troops in a war from Jan. to May 1918, in which, simultaneously, domestic groups advocating a socialist system of government were defeated.

Suomen Tasavalta—Republiken Finland


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Books of Reference

  1. Constitution Act and Parliament Act of Finland. Helsinki, 1967Google Scholar
  2. Suomen valtiokalenteri (State Calendar of Finland; a Swedish version Finlands statskalender is published separately). Helsinki, AnnualGoogle Scholar
  3. Facts about Finland. Helsinki, 1974Google Scholar
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  10. Jakobson, M., Finnish Neutrality. London, 1968Google Scholar
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  14. Platt, R. R. (ed.): Finland and its Geography. New York, 1955Google Scholar
  15. Puntila, L. A., The Political History of Finland, 1809–1966. Helsinki, 1974Google Scholar
  16. Suomen Kartasto/Atlas of Finland/Atlas over Finland (ed. L. Aario). Finnish Geogr. Society Helsinki, 1960Google Scholar
  17. Suomi: Handbook of Finnish Geography. Finnish Geogr. Society, Helsinki, 1962Google Scholar
  18. Törnudd, K., The Electoral System of Finland. London, 1968Google Scholar
  19. Tuomikoski, A., and Sloor, A., English-Finnish Dictionary. Helsinki, 1973Google Scholar
  20. Uotila, J., The Finnish Legal System. Helsinki, 1966Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

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