Republika Popullore e Shqipërisë
  • John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


After the death of George Kastriota—known as Skanderbeg—in 1467 Albania passed under Turkish suzerainty until 1912. Albanian independence was proclaimed at Vlonë on 28 Nov. 1912, and the London conference of ambassadors decided upon its frontiers and nominated as its ruler Prince William of Wied, who arrived at Dunës (Durazzo) on 7 March 1914, but on 3 Sept. 1914 left the country, which fell into a state of anarchy. By the secret Pact of London of 26 April 1915 provision was made for the partition of Albania; but this arrangement was repudiated on 3 June 1917, when the Italian C.-in-C. in Albania proclaimed at Gjirokastër the independence of Albania. In Jan. 1925 a republic was proclaimed and on 1 Sept. 1928 a monarchy. Ahmed Beg Zogu, President since 31 Jan. 1925, reigned as King Zog till April 1939, when, on the occupation of the country by the Italians, he fled to England. After the liberation he was deposed in absentia, on 2 Jan. 1946. During the years 1939–44 the country was overrun by Italians and Germans. The official Albanian date of the liberation is 29 Nov. 1944.F


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Books of Reference

  1. Vjetari Statistikor (Statistical Yearbook). Tirana, irregular, from 1959Google Scholar
  2. 30 vjet Shqipëri socialiste (statistical handbook). Tirana, 1974Google Scholar
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  4. Frasheri, K., History of Albania. Tirana, 1965Google Scholar
  5. Mann, S. E., An Historical Albanian-English Dictionary. London, 1948,—An English-Albanian Dictionary. CUP, 1957Google Scholar
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  7. Pano, N. C., The People’s Republic of Albania. Baltimore, 1968Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

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