Tuvalu (formerly the Ellice Islands) lie between 5° 30’ and 11° S. lat. and 176° and 180° E. long, comprise Nanumea, Nanumanga, Niutao, Nui, Vaitupu, Nukufetau, Funafuti (capital and administrative centre), Nukulaelae and Niulakita. Population (Dec. 1973) 5,817. Area approximately 9½ sq. miles (24 sq. km). The population is of a Polynesian race; their language is also known as Ellice.