HISTORY. The Republic of Equatorial Guinea became independent on 12 Oct. 1968 after having been a Spanish colony (Territorios Españoles del Golfo de Guinea) until 1959. From 1959 to 1963 the territory was made into two Spanish provinces with a status comparable to the metropolitan provinces. From 1964 to 1968 this Equatorial Region became an autonomous entity still retaining the status of two Spanish provinces, but with a certain amount of internal self-government. A cabinet of 8 African members headed by a President of the Government Council was responsible for internal affairs, defence and foreign affairs remaining reserved to a Spanish High Commissioner. Serious political disturbances in Rio Muni occurred in March–April 1969. This led to the partial withdrawal of the Spanish community since when UN agencies have supplied personnel to man hospitals, public utilities and ministries. Agreement for co-operation in education and economic development were signed with Spain in 1971 and 1972. The Republic still depends heavily on Spanish economic aid but has, in recent years, tended to rely increasingly, on China and the Soviet bloc.
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Books of Reference
- Atlas Histórico y Geográfico de Africa Española. Madrid, 1955Google Scholar
- Plan de Desarrollo Económico de la Guinea Ecuatorial. Presidencia del Gobierno. Madrid, 1963Google Scholar
- Resumén estadístico del Africa española, 1965–66. Madrid, 1967Google Scholar
- Berman, S., Spanish Guinea: an annotated bibliography. Microfilm Service, Catholic University, Washington, D.C., 1961Google Scholar
- Pélissier, R., Les Territoires espagnols d’Afrique. Paris, 1963.—Los territorios españoles de Africa. Madrid. 1964.—Etudes Hispano-Guinéennes, Paris, 1969Google Scholar