• John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. Brazil was discovered on 22 April 1500 by the Portuguese Admiral Pedro Alvares Cabrai, and thus became a Portuguese settlement; in 1815 the colony was declared ‘a kingdom’, and on 13 May 1822 Dom Pedro, eldest surviving son of King Joâo of Portugal, was chosen ‘Perpetual Defender’ of Brazil by a National Congress. He proclaimed the independence of the country on 7 Sept. 1822, and was chosen ‘Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender’ on 12 Oct. 1822.


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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

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