HISTORY. Madagascar was discovered by the Portuguese, Diego Diaz, in 1500. On the return of Diaz to Portugal the King concluded that the island must be Madagascar, about which he had read in Marco Polo’s ‘Voyages’. Polo, however, had not been there, but believing his Arab informants, ascribed to an island what was really the kingdom of Mogadisho, on the east coast of Africa. Mispronouncing and mis-spelling the name, he coined the word Madagascar.
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Books of Reference
- statistical information. The Service de Statisque Générale in Tananarive published the Bulletin mensuel de Madagascar (from Oct. 1955); continuation of the trimestrial Bulletin de statisque générale (1949–54), the trimestrial Revue de Madagascar, the Madagascar à travers ses provinces (latest issue, 1953), the Annuaire Statistique de Madagascar (vol. 1, 1938–51, published 1953, the Situation Economique au Janvier 1968, and the Statistiques du Commerce Exterieur de Madagascar).Google Scholar
- Bulletin de l’Académie Malgache (from 1902)Google Scholar
- Deschamps, H., Histoire de Madagascar. Paris, 1960Google Scholar
- Saron, G., Madagascar et les Comores. Paris, 1953Google Scholar
- Stratton, A., The great red island. London, 1965Google Scholar
- Thompson, V., and Adloff, R., The Malagasy Republic. Stanford Univ. Press, 1965Google Scholar