The Commonwealth of Australia

  • John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. On 1 Jan. 1901 New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania were federated under the name of the ‘Commonwealth of Australia’, the designation of ‘colonies’ being at the same time changed into that of ‘states’—except in the case of Northern Territory, which was transferred from South Australia to the Commonwealth as a ‘territory’ on 1 Jan. 1911.


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Books of Reference

The principal publications of the Bureau are

  1. Official Year Book of the Commonwealth of Australia. 1907 to dateGoogle Scholar
  2. Pocket Compendium of Australian Statistics. 1913 to dateGoogle Scholar
  3. Quarterly Summary of Australian Statistics, Dec. 1917 to dateGoogle Scholar
  4. Monthly Review of Business Statistics, Oct. 1937 to dateGoogle Scholar
  5. Digest of Current Statistics. Aug. 1959 to dateGoogle Scholar

Special Publications

  1. CensusDetailed Tables and Statistician’s Report. 1911–61.—1966 Preliminary Tables Google Scholar
  2. Australian Life Tables. 1881–90 to 1960–62Google Scholar
  3. Australian Balance of Payments. 1928–29 to 1951–52Google Scholar
  4. Annual printed bulletins are listed under specified subjects.Google Scholar
  5. The Northern Territory: Annual Report. Dept. of Territories. Canberra, from 1911Google Scholar
  6. Australian Territories. Dept. of Territories. Canberra, 1960 to dateGoogle Scholar
  7. Northern Territory Statistical Summary. Bureau of Census and Statistics. Canberra, from 1960Google Scholar
  8. Prospects of Agriculture in the Northern Territory. Dept. of Territories. Canberra, 1961Google Scholar
  9. Northern Territory Scientific Liaison Conference, Darwin 1961, Conference Papers. Melbourne, 1961Google Scholar
  10. Holmes, J. M., Australia’s Open North. Sydney, 1963Google Scholar
  11. Lockwood, D. W., Fair Dinkum. London, 1960Google Scholar
  12. Polisheck, N., Life on the Daly River. London, 1961Google Scholar
  13. A.C.T. Statistical Summary. Bureau of Census and Statistics. From 1960Google Scholar
  14. National Capital Development Commission, Canberra, The Future Canberra, 1965Google Scholar
  15. Borrie, W. D., and others, Canberra: the next decade. Canberra, 1963Google Scholar
  16. Wigmore, L., The Long View: a history of Australia’s national capital. Melbourne, 1963Google Scholar
  17. The Territory of Papua. Annual Report. Commonwealth of Australia. 1906–1940–41 and from 1945–46Google Scholar
  18. The Territory of New Guinea. Annual Report. Commonwealth of Australia. 1914–1940–41 and from 1946–47Google Scholar
  19. Report on New Guinea. UN visiting missions to ... Nauru and New Guinea. New York, 1962Google Scholar
  20. International Bank, The economic development of the territory of Papua and New Guinea. Johns Hopkins Press and CUP, 1965Google Scholar
  21. Bettison, D. G., and others, Independence of Papua-New Guinea. Sydney, 1962.Google Scholar
  22. Bettison, D. G.,The Papua-New Guinea Elections 1964. Canberra, 1966Google Scholar
  23. Essai, B., Papua and New Guinea. Melbourne, 1961Google Scholar
  24. Hasluck, P. M. C., The Economic Development of Papua-New Guinea. Canberra, 1962Google Scholar
  25. Robson, R. W. (ed.). Handbook of Papua and New Guinea. Rev. ed. Sydney, 1961Google Scholar
  26. Ryan, J., The Hot Land. London, 1970Google Scholar
  27. Simpson, C., Plumes and Arrows Inside New Guinea. Sydney, 1962Google Scholar
  28. Wilkes, J. (ed.), New Guinea and Australia. Austral Inst. of Political Science, 1959Google Scholar
  29. STATISTICAL INFORMATION. The NSW Government Statistician’s Office was established in 1886, and in 1957 was integrated with the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics. Deputy Commonwealth Statistician and Government Statistician of NSW: R. G. Walker. Its principal publications are:Google Scholar
  30. Official Year-Book of New South Wales (1886/87–1900/01 under the title Wealth and Progress of NSW): latest full issue, 1969: separate sections, 1969Google Scholar
  31. New South Wales Statistical Register. Published annually since 1858; latest issue of separate sections, 1967–68 and 1968Google Scholar
  32. New South Wales Pocket Year-Book. Published since 1913 latest issue, 1970Google Scholar
  33. New South Wales Statistical Bulletin (quarterly). Published since 1905 (except 1943–48Google Scholar
  34. Monthly Summary of Business Statistics. Published since May 1931Google Scholar
  35. New South Wales Dept. of Tourist Activities, Facts about New South Wales. Sydney, 1968Google Scholar
  36. State Planning Authority, Sydney Region: Prelude to a Plan. Sydney, 1967.Google Scholar
  37. State Planning Authority, Sydney Region: Outline Plan. Sydney, 1968Google Scholar
  38. Sydney City Council, The City of Sydney: Official Guide. Sydney, 1966Google Scholar
  39. STATE LIBRARY. The Public Library of NSW, Macquarie St., Sydney. Principal Librarian: G. D. Richardson, MA.Google Scholar
  40. STATISTICAL INFORMATION. The Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics (Commonwealth Banks Building, corner of Elizabeth and Flinders Streets, Melbourne, 3000). Deputy Commonwealth Statistician and Government Statist: V. H. Arnold, FIA.Google Scholar
  41. Victorian Year-Book. (Annually since 1873)Google Scholar
  42. Victorian Pocket Year-Book. (Annually since 1956)Google Scholar
  43. Victorian Statistical Register. (Annually from 1854 to 1916)Google Scholar
  44. Quarterly Abstract of Statistics. (Feb. 1947-March 1958)Google Scholar
  45. Victorian Monthly Statistical Review (from Jan. 1960)Google Scholar
  46. Victoria: The First Century. Official History of Victoria. Melbourne, 1934Google Scholar
  47. Leeper, G. W. (ed.), Introducing Victoria. Melbourne, 1955Google Scholar
  48. McIntyre, A. J. and J. J., Country Towns of Victoria: a Social Survey. Melbourne, 1944Google Scholar
  49. Pratt, A., The Centenary History of Victoria. Melbourne, 1934Google Scholar
  50. STATELIBRARY. The State Library of Victoria, Swanston St., Melbourne, 3000. Chief Librarian: K. A. R. Horn, BA, Mus.B(NZ), Dip.NZLS.Google Scholar
  51. STATISTICAL INFORMATION. The Statistical Office (320–330 Adelaide St., Brisbane) was set up in 1859. Deputy Commonwealth Statistician: A. W. Mumme. A Queensland Official Year Book was issued in 1901, the annual ABC of Queensland Statistics from 1905 to 1936 with exception of 1918 and 1922. Present publications include: Queensland Year Book. Annual, from 1937 (omitting 1942, 1943, 1944).—Queensland Pocket Year Book. Annual, from 1950.—Statistics of Queensland. Annual, from 1859.—Monthly Summary of Queensland Statistics. From Jan. 1961Google Scholar
  52. Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science, Introducing Queensland. Brisbane, 1961Google Scholar
  53. Queensland Department of Agriculture and Stock, The Queensland Agricultural and Pastoral Handbook. 2 vols. Brisbane, 1962Google Scholar
  54. Australian Sugar Year Book. Brisbane, from 1941Google Scholar
  55. Bolton, G. C., A thousand miles away! a history of North Queensland to 1920. Brisbane, 1963Google Scholar
  56. Cilento, R., and Lack, C., Triumph in the Tropics. Brisbane, 1959Google Scholar
  57. Greenwood, G., and Laverty, J., Brisbane 1859–1959. Sydney, 1959Google Scholar
  58. Greenwood, R. H., Queensland, City, Coast and Country. London, 1959Google Scholar
  59. Lack, C., Queensland, Daughter of the Sun. Brisbane, 1959.Google Scholar
  60. Lack, C.,Three Decades of Queensland Political History. Brisbane, 1962Google Scholar
  61. STATE LIBRARY. The Public Library of Queensland, William St., Brisbane. State Librarian: J. L. Stapleton.Google Scholar
  62. STATISTICAL INFORMATION. The State branch of the Commonweakh Bureau of Census and Statistics is in Prudential Building, 195 North Terrace, Adelaide (GPO Box 143 3J). Deputy Commonwealth Statistician: D. L. J. Aitchison. Although the first printed statistical publication was the Statistics of South Australia, 1854 with the title altered to Statistical Register in 1859, there is a written volume for each year back to 1838. These contain simple records of trade, demography, production, etc. and were prepared only for the use of the Colonial office; one copy was retained in the State.Google Scholar
  63. The publications of the State branch include the South Australian Year Book, the Pocket Year Book of South Australia and the Statistical Register (annual), a printed Quarterly Abstract and a duplicated Monthly Summary of Statistics, a duplicated quarterly bulletin of building constructions, duplicated quarterly bulletins of trade statistics and approximately 20 special duplicated bulletins issued each year as particulars of various sections of statistics become available.Google Scholar
  64. Best, R. J. (ed.), Introducing South Australia. Cambridge, 1959Google Scholar
  65. Centenary History of South Australia. Royal Geographical Society of Australasia. Adelaide, 1936Google Scholar
  66. Finlayson, H. H., The Red Centre; Man and Beast in the Heart of Australia. 2nd ed. Sydney, 1952Google Scholar
  67. Madigan, C. T., Central Australia. 2nd ed. Melbourne, 1944Google Scholar
  68. STATE LIBRARY. The State Library of S.A., North Terrace, Adelaide. State Librarian: H. C. Brideson, BA.Google Scholar
  69. STATISTICAL INFORMATION. The State Government Statistician’s Office was established in 1897 and now functions as the Western Australian Office of the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics (37 St George’s Tee, Perth). Deputy Commonwealth Statistician and Government Statistician: F. W. Sayer. Its principal publications are: Statistical Register of Western Australia (annual, from 1896). Western Australian Year Book (new series, from 1957). Western Australian Pocket Year Book (from 1919). Quarterly Statistical Abstract (from 1917). Abstract of Statistics of Local Government Areas (annual, from 1960).Google Scholar
  70. Crowley, F. K., A Short History of Western Australia. Melbourne. 1959.Google Scholar
  71. Crowley, F. K.,Australia’s Western Third. London, 1960Google Scholar
  72. Gentilli, J., Atlas of Western Australian Agriculture. Perth, 1941Google Scholar
  73. Kerr, Alex, The South-West Region of Western Australia. Perth, 1965.Google Scholar
  74. Kerr, Alex, Australia’s North-West. Perth, 1967Google Scholar
  75. Stephenson, G., and Hepburn, J. A., Plan for the Metropolitan Region: Perth and Fremantle. Perth, 1955Google Scholar
  76. STATE LIBRARY. The State Library of Western Australia, Perth. State Librarian: F. A. Sharr, BA.Google Scholar
  77. STATISTICAL INFORMATION. The State Government Statistical Office (Kirksway House, Kirks-way PI., Hobart), established in 1877, became in 1924 the Tasmanian Office of the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics, but continues to serve State statistical needs as required. Deputy Commonwealth Statistician and Government Statistician: R. Lakin.Google Scholar
  78. Main publications: Statistics of the State of Tasmania. Annual (from 1822).—Pocket Year Book of Tasmania. Annual (from 1913).Google Scholar
  79. Main publications: Tasmanian Year Book, Annual (from 1967).Google Scholar
  80. Main publications: Monthly Summary of Statistics (from July 1945)Google Scholar
  81. Clark, C. I., The Parliament of Tasmania. Hobart, 1947Google Scholar
  82. Davies, J. L. (ed.), Atlas of Tasmania. Hobart, 1965Google Scholar
  83. Green, F. C. (ed.), A Century of Responsible Government. Hobart, 1956Google Scholar
  84. Walch’s Tasmanian Almanac. Hobart and London. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  85. Wettenball, R. L., A Guide to Tasmanian Government Administration. Hobart, 1968Google Scholar
  86. STATE LIBKARY. The State Library of Tasmania, Hobart. Librarian: A. E. Browning, B.Ec, FLA, ALAA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

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